Daily Bible Studies & Sermon Notes


Acts 19:8-9
Pastor Steve Schell
Sunday: Acts 19:8
v8: Paul had promised this synagogue that if God allowed him to return to Ephesus he would tell them more about the Messiah Jesus (Ac 18:20, 21). As soon as he returned he kept that promise. Luke says he entered into the synagogue and continued speaking freely about Christ over the course of the next three months. He discussed the meaning of various passages of Scripture (Ac 17:2) and tried to persuade them to believe. Luke says he taught them about the “Kingdom of God.” This is an important term. Both Jesus and Paul used it often and it can have different meanings. Sometimes they used it to mean the spiritual realm, called “heaven” (2Ti 4:18), and other times, the final state of all creation in which God makes a new heaven and earth (Ro 8:21; 1Co 15:24; Rev 21:1). But in this context Paul must have been preaching about the coming Messianic Age, that glorious season in which God will rule the earth through His Messiah.

Monday: Acts 19:8
v8 (continued): In order for Jews to believe, he had to explain that Jesus was resurrected and will someday return in power to bring to earth all the blessings which are promised by the Old Testament prophets. At His first coming Jesus fulfilled the prophecies which describe a suffering Messiah, one who dies and rises to atone (forgive) the sins of the human race. But there are many more prophecies throughout the Old Testament which describe a coming day when the Messiah will rule over all the earth. During that time there will be peace and prosperity, and even nature will be set free from the curse that was placed on it when Adam sinned (Ge 3:17-19; Ro 8:20, 21).

Tuesday: Acts 19:8
v8 (continued): When Jesus came the first time, He did not do these things and that would have been a real obstacle to the faith of many. So Paul would have spent much time talking about the second coming of Jesus (2Th 1:5-12). He would have explained the resurrection of believers (1Th 4:13-18) and the coming judgment (1Co 4:5) and he would have explained that God’s Kingdom will come to earth at the proper time, according to God’s predetermined plan. It was absolutely necessary for him to explain that the cross must come first. If Jesus had not died and risen from the dead, the entire human race would remain condemned by their sin, and no one would be able to “inherit the Kingdom” (1Co 15:50). And he would have warned them that during this season of time, between Jesus’ first and second coming, God was calling people everywhere to repent and believe in His Son (Ac 13:40, 41).

Wednesday: Acts 19:8
v8 (continued): There is one final use of the term, “Kingdom of God,” that we should mention here. Both Jesus and Paul taught (and demonstrated) that the blessings of this future Kingdom are available now. Since Jesus is the King, wherever He is the powers of His Kingdom are present as well. Between the first and second coming of Jesus, we still live in dying bodies and in a fallen world. Yet, because the King now lives within us, we can experience a foretaste of those future blessings. Wisdom, healing, joy, protection, provision, etc. are the qualities that will fill that future Kingdom. Because of Christ, believers can reach out by faith and bring those future blessings into the present. Wherever the King is, He brings those blessings with Him.

Thursday: Acts 19:8
v8 (continued): According to the prophets, the Messiah will bring to earth a powerful presence of the Holy Spirit, which is why the baptism of the Holy Spirit (v6) is such an important sign to Paul and all the apostles. In effect, it is the “powers of the age to come” coming upon each individual believer. Some day, when Messiah takes His throne, the Holy Spirit will immerse the entire planet in His divine glory (Isa 11:9; Hab 2:14). But now, though that day has not yet arrived, Jesus Christ has made it possible for those who believe to be immersed into that same divine glory (Lk 24:49; Ac 1:5). In the coming age, there will be no sickness or demonic oppression. But even now, because the Holy Spirit has already been given to us “without measure” (Jn 3:34), believers are able to receive and minister healing and deliverance (vs11-12).

Friday: Acts 19:9
v9: It actually took three full months before the resistance to Paul’s message grew so strong he felt he had to leave. In other places, that threshold had been reached much earlier (Ac 13:42-46; 17:1-5, 10-13). Luke says some of the members of the synagogue were becoming hardened and were refusing to listen. They began to loudly denounce Paul to the crowds who had gathered to hear him preach. Luke says they spoke against “the Way” which was a term the early church used to describe themselves (Ac 9:2; 19:23; 24:14, 22). They probably chose that phrase because they thought of Jesus as the path to salvation. By believing in Him and following His teachings, they were walking on the “way” that leads to eternal life (Jn 14:6).

Saturday: Acts 19:9
v9 (continued): The conflict between Paul and his opponents grew so hostile it became pointless for him to remain in the synagogue. It was no longer possible to hold constructive conversations, and he knew only too well the violence which might erupt if the tension continued to grow, so he stopped attending and took those who believed with him. He found a lecture hall which was available during certain hours of the day. One ancient text of Acts says Paul used the room from eleven in the morning until four in the afternoon, in other words, during the heat of the day (F.F. Bruce, Acts, Eerdmans, 1974, pp. 388-389). The lecture hall apparently belonged to a man named Tyrannus. He must have been well-known for Luke to mention his name. The name means “our tyrant” or “our master,” but Tyrannus was a common name at that time so no judgment can be made about the man based on his name. During those years in Ephesus Paul worked to support himself (Ac 20:34, 35) so he may have personally paid for the rent of the room. 


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