Daily Bible Studies & Sermon Notes


Acts 13:16-32
Pastor Steve Schell
Sunday: Acts 13:16, 17
v16: When the invitation came, Paul stood to his feet and signaled the congregation to be quiet by waving his hand up and down (Ac 12:17; 19:33; 21:40). He opened his message by acknowledging not only the Jews who were present but also the God-fearing Gentiles. He said, “Men, Israelites, and those who fear God, hear me!” (literal). v17: Luke records the text of the sermon Paul gave that day. It begins here at verse 17 and continues down through verse 41. It’s likely Paul provided Luke with a summary of his message when the Book of Acts was being written. Paul may have used this same outline on many occasions.

Monday: Acts 13:17, 18
v17 (continued): Paul began by rehearsing some of the key events in Israel’s history in order to establish the fact that Israel was a chosen people. They have a unique role among all the nations of the earth because God chose to send His Son into the world through them (Jn 4:22). Actually, He chose their “fathers” (Abraham, Isaac and Jacob) and multiplied their descendants into a nation during their years in the land of Egypt. When the time came for them to leave, He led them out triumphantly “with an uplifted arm” (Dt 5:15). v18: Paul said God carried Israel for a period of 40 years in the desert like a nursing mother carries a child (Nu 11:12, 14, 17)

Tuesday: Acts 13:19-21
vs19-21: Then he said, “Having conquered seven nations in the land of Canaan, He gave them the land as an inheritance” (literal), and he noted that the period of time during which the land was ruled by judges was about 450 years. In his commentary on Acts Andrew Wommack shows us one possible way this number was calculated: “By adding up all the years of oppression and freedom mentioned in the Book of Judges (first-Jud 3:8; last–Jud 16:31) we find a total of 409 years that would be considered under the rule of judges. In 1 Samuel 4:18, Eli was also spoken of as judging Israel for 40 years. That would bring the total time of the judges to 449 years…” (Andrew Wommack, Life For Today Study Bible and Commentary, Acts of the Apostles edition, Andrew Wommack Ministries, 1994, p.578). This era of the judges ended when Israel asked for a king, and through the prophet Samuel God gave them “Saul, the son of Kish” and he reigned as king for 40 years.

Wednesday: Acts 13:22, 23
v22: Having reminded them that Saul was from the tribe of Benjamin, his own tribe (Php 3:5), Paul quickly dismissed him with a simple statement that God removed him, and then moved on to David, a central figure in his sermon. Unlike Saul, God said David was “a man after my heart, who will do all my will” (1Sa 13:14). This is not a passing comment. It is actually a key point in the sermon. Paul wanted us listeners to understand that David was a very good man yet, as he would soon point out, was not good enough to escape death (v36). v23: But he was good enough for God to give him a promise that from his “seed” He would bring a Savior to Israel. Paul told them this Savior had come and that His name is Jesus. Then he set about to prove it.

Thursday: Acts 13:24-26
vs24-25: He began with John the Baptist. Obviously, John was still highly respected among Jews. Even in a synagogue in central Asia Minor Paul could assume they had heard about John, and knew that he had called Israel to repent in preparation for the soon-coming Messiah. Paul reminded them that John had emphatically refused any suggestion that he might be the Messiah. John said his assignment was to prepare Israel because the appointed time for the arrival of the Messiah had come. v26: Again, addressing both the Jews and Gentiles, he announced that the Messiah had come, “Men, brothers, sons of the race of Abraham, and those among you who fear God, to us the word of this salvation was sent forth” (literal).

Friday: Acts 13:27-31
vs27-29: The Messiah had come but Jerusalem didn’t recognize Him when He arrived because they had not understood the meaning of the prophetic passages which describe His sufferings. They had only focused on His glories. So, instead of welcoming Him and sending out messengers to announce His arrival, they ended up fulfilling the negative parts of the Messianic prophecies by condemning Him in their religious courts, asking Pilate to crucify Him, and burying Him in a tomb. vs30-31: But God proved that Jesus is the Savior by raising Him from the dead. His was a literal, physical resurrection confirmed by many witnesses. Paul said He “appeared over many days to the ones who came up with Him from Galilee to Jerusalem….” These disciples now became “His witnesses to the people.”

Saturday: Acts 13:32
v32: Having preached the crucifixion and resurrection, Paul declares that Jesus is nothing less than God’s fulfillment of “the promise made to the fathers.” Since God made numerous promises to the fathers, we have to ask ourselves which one does he mean? Which promise, above all others, fulfills the highest desire in their heart and grants the greatest blessing? Later on in Acts, when Paul makes his defense before Felix, the Roman procurator of Judea (AD 52-58?), he said he had “a hope in God… that there shall certainly be a resurrection of both the righteous and the wicked” (Ac 24:15). Soon afterward, while making a similar defense before the great grandson of Herod the Great, he said, “And now I am standing trial for the hope of the promise made by God to our fathers; the promise to which our twelve tribes hope to attain as they earnestly serve God night and day” (Ac 26:6, 7). And then he quickly added, “Why is it considered incredible among you…if God does raise the dead?” (Ac 26:8). In effect, he seems to be saying, all other promises lead to this one: that believers will rise from the dead and live with God forever. By raising Jesus from the dead, God had begun to fulfill this promise.
 


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