Daily Bible Studies & Sermon Notes


Acts 2:29-36
Pastor Steve Schell
Sunday: Acts 2:29
v29 (continued): Peter is focusing on David’s statement, “…You will not… allow your Holy One to undergo decay” (v27). This certainly must have been one of the passages Jesus explained to His disciples after He was resurrected (Lk 24:27, 45), and as we listen to Peter, it’s clear Jesus taught them that David’s words were meant to be taken literally. In this prophecy he states that if a person is perfectly sinless and devoted to serving God, that person will not decay after dying, but will come back to life. The passage acknowledges that a death will take place, but says, in effect, that this holy person will not stay dead long enough to decompose. Paul quoted this same verse and made the same application in his sermon to the synagogue in Pisidian Antioch on his first missionary journey (Ac 13:34-37).

Monday: Acts 2:30, 31
vs30-31: If David’s statement didn’t apply to himself, since he did decay after he died, then to whom did it apply? Peter answers this question by saying that David never thought of himself as this “Holy One,” and we need only remember the events of David’s life to realize it’s more likely that he thought of himself as a sinner who had received much mercy (Ps 51). So when he spoke of a “Holy One” he was prophetically looking into the future and “seeing” the coming Messiah, whom God had promised would be one of his descendants (2Sa 7:12, 13; Ps 132:11). In other words, David is confident he himself will not be left in a grave because death will not be able to hold on to the Messiah, and His escape from death will insure that all believers will someday escape death as well. This means that by raising Jesus from the grave God indisputably confirmed that Jesus is this Holy One and therefore the Messiah.

Tuesday: Acts 2:32-35
v32: At this point, Peter—speaking on behalf of the Eleven, and most, if not all, the disciples present—said, “This Jesus God raised up again, to which we are all witnesses.” He’s saying, we who stand before you testify that we have seen with our own eyes David’s prophecy fulfilled. The person you crucified and put in a grave did not decay. Death couldn’t hold Him and by resurrecting Him God declared Jesus to be this “Holy One” of whom David spoke. vs33-35: Having proclaimed the resurrection, Peter now proclaims the ascension. He wants the crowd to know that, not only did Jesus come back to life, but God physically lifted Him up to heaven and seated Him at His right hand.

Wednesday: Acts 2:33-35
vs33-35 (continued): This fulfilled another of David’s prophecies and again, as was the case with Psalm 16:8-11, we have a situation where David cannot be speaking about himself because this event simply did not happen to him. In Psalm 110:1 David wrote “The Lord said to My Lord, sit at My right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet,” but as Peter observes, “…it was not David who ascended into heaven….” So the statement must refer to someone greater. During His public ministry Jesus quoted this same verse to show that it had been prophesied that the Messiah would be more than David’s human descendant, He would also be divine (Mt 22:41-46; Mk 12:35-37; Lk 20:41-44). By the way, Jesus specifically stated that David spoke these words “…in the Spirit” (Mt 22:43), meaning he was prophesying when he made them, writing down words which he heard the Spirit speak to him.

Thursday: Acts 2:33-35
vs33-35 (continued): This psalm pictures God the Father speaking to the resurrected Messiah, whom David refers to as “my Lord,” telling Him to sit at His right hand (the position of greatest honor) until He (the Father) had gone to war against the Messiah’s enemies and had brought them into total submission to Him (“a footstool for your feet”). In effect, Peter is telling the crowd to beware, Jesus is not only the resurrected Messiah who defeated death, He is also the ascended Lord to whom God has given all authority to rule and judge. He warns them that the day will come when they will all stand before Jesus and give an account for what they have done. The disciples had already seen Him alive from the dead, and at the judgment they would too… “this Jesus whom you crucified.”

Friday: Acts 2:33-35
vs33-35 (continued): The proof that Jesus had ascended to the Father’s right hand was there right in front of them, for everyone to see and hear. It was the outpouring of the Holy Spirit which the whole crowd observed on that Pentecost morning (v33). One of the main promises concerning the Messiah, which they all knew, was that when He begins to rule He will pour out the Holy Spirit on all God’s people (Isa 11:9; Jer 31:34; Eze 36:26, 27; 37:9, 10, 14). Even as he speaks these words, Peter must have been pointing toward the 120 (plus) disciples seated somewhere nearby who had been, and maybe still were, speaking in tongues. And no one in the crowd could deny that the Holy Spirit was at work because each one of them had heard the disciples speaking in their own native language. They themselves had participated in a miracle. God performed a wonder on them as well.

Saturday: Acts 2:36
v36: Peter now confronts the crowd with their guilt and calls for decision. He says, “Therefore, let all the house of Israel know with certainty (know that what I’m telling you is solid and reliable, it won’t collapse under your feet, it won’t cause you to trip and fall) that God made this Jesus whom you crucified both Lord and Christ.” By calling Jesus “Lord” Peter points to the fact that He is more than David’s human descendant, He is also David’s king. Peter draws the title from Psalm 110:1 where David calls the Messiah “my Lord.” By seating Jesus at His right hand, the Father placed Him in the position of supreme authority and as judge over all His creation (Php 2:9-11; 1Co 15:24-28; Heb 1: 2, 3). There is no ignoring the fact that such power and authority rightfully belong only to God (Dt 6:4). By applying the title “Lord” to Jesus, Peter is acknowledging His divinity. He is the Messiah, David’s human descendant, but He is also God’s divine Son. This is why we can call on Jesus’ name to be saved. It’s why the Father commands us to bow our knee to Him in full surrender. It’s why at Jesus’ throne all humanity and the angels will someday be judged.
 


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