Daily Bible Studies & Sermon Notes

Romans 2:26-3:5-8
Pastor Steve Schell
Sunday: Romans 2:26
v26: Having just said that a Jew who doesn’t practice the Law is in the same spiritual condition as a Gentile (v25), Paul returns to the topic of Gentiles who become born-again. Earlier, in verse 14 and 15 he said these instinctively do the things of the Law because the work of the Law is written in their hearts. He appears to be saying by this that it is possible for Gentiles who have little or no knowledge of the Bible to nevertheless fulfill it’s most essential requirements by walking in the Spirit (Ro 8:4). The Spirit will lead them to love God with all their heart, soul and mind, and their neighbor as themselves; and both Jesus and Paul tell us that those who love both God and their neighbor in this way satisfy the Law (Mt 22:37-40; Ro 13:9, 10).

Monday: Romans 2:26
v26 (continued): By “walking in the Spirit” uncircumcised Gentiles are regarded by God as circumcised, meaning they are fully qualified to receive the blessings promised to Abraham’s descendants. Paul will soon explain that God gave Abraham circumcision as a “seal of the righteousness of faith which he had while uncircumcised, so that he may be the father of all who believe without being circumcised...” (Ro 4:11). With these words Paul reminds us that Abraham was circumcised after he became righteous. He too was a believing Gentile who became righteous by faith.

Tuesday: Romans 2:27-29
v27: At the judgment of God when the secrets of the heart are exposed those Jews who have lived hypocritical lives will be put to shame by born-again Gentiles who fulfilled the Law by walking in the Spirit (Mt 8:10-12; 12:41, 42). vs28, 29: Those who qualify as God’s covenant people are not those who are merely descended from Abraham, but those with faith like his in their hearts. Religious practices and covenant symbols such as circumcision have real meaning to a person whose heart has been separated from the world by the Spirit and who therefore lives to please God rather that people. But without that inner transformation outward religious ceremonies and symbols mean nothing.

Wednesday: Romans 3:1-3
v1: If born-again Gentiles who walk in the Spirit can fulfill the Law and inherit the blessings of Abraham, and if Jews who violate the Law (and all do) are under the same judgement of death as unbelieving Gentiles then why did God give the Law to Moses and ask people to be circumcised? If these uniquely Jewish practices didn’t qualify a person to receive God’s covenant blessing than what purpose did they serve? Is there any benefit to being a Jew rather than a Gentile? vs2, 3: Paul quickly answers that there is much benefit in every way, the greatest of which is the fact that God spoke prophetically to Israel (Ac 7:38; 1Pe 4:11).

Thursday: Romans 3:2, 3
vs2, 3 (continued): Unlike the Gentiles, to whom God gave only the revelation that can be perceived through creation along with His inner prompting of their conscience, the Jews received profound depths of revelation spoken to them through their prophets and recorded in Scripture. If some did not believe the prophetic promises given to them, and especially the promise of a Messiah who would die for their sins and rise again, their failure to believe was not God’s fault. He had been faithful to fulfill what He promised. Yet in spite of this many Jews had not believed when Jesus came to Israel nor did they believe His apostles who proclaimed the gospel to them.

Friday: Romans 3:4
v4: Even the slightest suggestion that God might have been unfaithful disturbs Paul and he quickly and aggressively renounces the thought exclaiming, “May it never be!” The fact that people failed to believe God’s promises has absolutely nothing to do with His faithfulness. All responsibility for failure rests on the human side. In fact, says Paul, if purity of character is what is being evaluated there’s not a human who’s ever lived that hasn’t lied in one form or another, but God has never lied. When He speaks His words are true and should be listened to and trusted. As he says this Paul is reminded of David’s heartfelt confession after his sin with Bathsheba (Ps 51). David didn’t question God’s right to judge him, but took full responsibility for his sin and acknowledged that the prophetic verdict against him by Nathan was just (Ps 51:4). David says no one who tries to sit in judgment of God and tries to find fault with Him will prevail. They will always discover that God spoke the truth and did what He promised.

Saturday: Romans 3:5-8
vs5-8: It appears that in verses five through eight Paul is responding to a criticism, that has been directed toward him. Though he has not yet discussed the subject openly (he will in chapters 9-11), Paul indicts those Jews who hear the gospel and reject it. And we can confidently assume he has told them as much everywhere he goes (Ac 13:44-51; 18:4-7). Not only does he consider them sinful because they fail to do all the Law commands (Ro 2:1, 2), but because they reject the Messiah Jesus, disregarding the prophecies about Him in the Old Testament. Those who’ve done so are under judgment and will face God’s wrath if they don’t repent (Ro 3:2, 3; 9:30-10:3; 11:7-10). As we’ll discover later (Ro 9-11), when Paul taught on this subject he explains that God has used this hardness to redirect the gospel out to the Gentiles which had already resulted in a great harvest. His words in these verses seem to form an answer to someone who has tried to use the logic of this teaching against him. 

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