Daily Bible Studies & Sermon Notes

Romans 11:27-32
Pastor Steve Schell
Sunday: Romans 11:27
v27: Paul continues quoting from Isaiah. He adds the first seven words from the next verse (Isa 59:21) exactly as they are written in the Septuagint (an ancient Greek translation of the Old Testament), “and this shall be my covenant with them….” He follows this statement with the words “when I take away their sins.” This last phrase is not a quotation but Paul himself supplying his own words to summarize what this “covenant” promised to do, which is to “turn away ungodliness from Jacob…” (v20). He wants us to see that God Himself described His commitment as a covenant because that was the most binding sort of promise available in that culture.

Monday: Romans 11:27
v27 (continued): By saying that He had made a covenant God made it clear that His commitment to send a Deliverer (Messiah) who would spiritually cleanse and revive Israel is unchangeable. In other words, we can be absolutely certain that it will take place. To those who were beginning to question whether or not God was through with Israel, Paul proves scripturally that such a thought is impossible. God had made promises concerning the Messiah’s ministry to Israel which have yet to be fulfilled, yet without doubt at some point in history they will be fulfilled.

Tuesday: Romans 11:28
v28: Paul is now drawing his discussion of Judaism’s response to the gospel to a close and in this verse begins to summarize the “mystery” (v25) he has been explaining. Many Jews had become “enemies” of the gospel, yet God had sovereignly intervened to direct their hostility so that it would serve His higher purposes. Instead of lowering the number of people being saved their opposition had resulted in the gospel being carried past old culture-barriers and out into the highly responsive Gentile communities. In this way they became “enemies for your sake” Paul tells his Gentile readers.

Wednesday: Romans 11:28
v28 (continued): But on the other hand Jews are “beloved because of the fathers” so they continue to receive special treatment from God. He faithfully watches over the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob just as He promised He would. Being “chosen” doesn’t mean they are automatically saved, but it does mean God continually seeks to draw them to Himself. By hardening those who refused to believe God gave many more Gentiles the opportunity to hear the gospel but His promise to care for Israel still remained in effect.

Thursday: Romans 11:29
v29: Referring to the unique blessings Israel had enjoyed over its history Paul says when God gives such things He does not change His mind. In particular he identifies Israel’s “call” (Mt 22:1-14; Lk 14:16-24), which was God’s summons to them to come to salvation, and their “giftings” (charismata) which include such grace-gifts as those he listed earlier (Ro 9:4, 5). Paul tells us that God’s will in these matters does not change. When He gives something He does not retract it, however, many Jews at the time were demonstrating that it is possible to refuse His call and ignore His gifts, with the result that they received no benefit. Paul wants us to see that God’s summons to Israel still exists, and the rich heritage of His blessings, especially the gift of the Messiah, has not been withdrawn, nor will it be.

Friday: Romans 11:30, 31
vs30-31: In these verses Paul reminds us of the ultimate motivation behind all of God’s actions, which is to save as many people as possible. He did not cause anyone to reject the gospel but strategically intervened to turn a bad situation into something good, to use the disobedience of some Jews to result in the salvation of many more Gentiles. Then Paul says God’s plan is for this process to come full-circle. He will use transformed Gentiles to show to Jews the life-changing power of the gospel, and the result will be a great turning of Israel to Jesus.

Saturday: Romans 11:32
v32: Having lived without the Law to guide them, the sinful lifestyles of the Gentiles were obvious. It was much easier for them to recognize their need to repent and call on God for mercy than it was for the Jews. Those raised in Judaism had been taught the Law and their outward lifestyles were far more in line with biblical standards, so their need for mercy was not nearly as evident. But when the gospel arrived it had exposed in many Jews an underlying lack of faith and humility. By refusing to repent and believe in the atonement provided by their Messiah their obstinate rebellion to God had been exposed. Now it was obvious that they too needed mercy. And what was God’s purpose in all of this? To show both Jews and Gentiles how much they need His mercy so He can save them. Again, the heart of God shows through when Paul tells us God’s goal in all of this is that “He might show mercy to all” (2Pe 3:9). In other words, He confronts people with their sin, not to condemn them, but to awaken them to their sin so they can be saved. 

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