Daily Bible Studies & Sermon Notes

Romans 10:8-12
Pastor Steve Schell
Sunday: Romans 10:8
v8: Moses went on to tell Israel that they could obey the Law if they would speak about it with their mouths and meditate on it in their hearts. He said, “But the word is very near you, in your mouth and in your heart, that you may observe (do) it” (Dt 30:14). By speaking it with the mouth he meant recite it aloud so it stays fresh in the mind, and he wanted them to teach its truths to others, particularly children (Dt 6:6; 11:19; Jos 1:8; Ps 50:16). By meditating on it in the heart he meant reflect on how it applies to situations in our lives so we can respond appropriately (Dt 8:2; 11:18; Jos 1:8; Ps 119:9-16), and, of course, he also expected such meditation to produce a growing faith in God.

Monday: Romans 10:8, 9
vs8-9: Once again Paul takes Moses’ statement and shows us that it also applies to the gospel. If Israel needed to employ their mouth and heart to seek righteousness through the Law, then so do those who seek the righteousness of faith, but that’s where the similarity ends. Instead of focusing on the Law, Paul tells us that the confession of our mouth and the belief in our heart must center on the person of Jesus Christ. To receive His salvation we must publicly confess Him as “Lord” which undoubtedly includes sharing the gospel with unbelievers as well as refusing to deny Him when faced with persecution (Mt 10:32, 33; Lk 12:8, 9). In Judaism the title “Lord” (Yahweh, not adon) was reserved exclusively for God, and when used by Gentiles it declared Jesus’ supremacy over all human government as well as any gods they had formerly worshipped (Ac 17:7; Php 2:9-11).

Tuesday: Romans 10:9
v9: In addition to verbally confessing Christ, Paul says a person must also have genuine faith in the heart. And though that faith must include several other essential truths about Jesus, none is more important than the belief that He literally, physically rose from the dead (Ac 2:23-36; 3:13-15; 4:10; 13:29-39; 17:1-3, 30-32; 23:6; 25:18, 19; 26:22, 23). Paul selects the resurrection as a capstone for our Christian faith because this is the miracle which indisputably proves that the Father accepted His Son’s sacrifice for our sins on the cross. Had Jesus remained in the grave our hope for eternal life would be dead as well (1Co 15:12-19).

Wednesday: Romans 10:10
v10: To Paul, Christ’s resurrection proves that all the other elements of the gospel must also be true: the incarnation, Jesus’ teachings, His miracles, His atonement on the cross, the promise of His living presence with us always and our own resurrection in the future. To believe He rose from the dead is to have faith like Abraham’s (Ro 4:16-21; Heb 11:17-19) and therefore to be given the gift of righteousness as he was (Ro 4:3; Ge 15:6). v10 (continued): If the first part of this verse requires us to have genuine faith (“…with the heart a person believes, resulting in righteousness…”), the second requires us to have the courage to confess that faith for the rest of our lives (“…with the mouth he confesses, resulting in salvation”).

Thursday: Romans 10:10
v10 (continued): Jesus warned us not to be ashamed of Him even if our confession leads us to death (Lk 9:23-26; 2Pe 4:12-19), and that’s essentially what Paul means here by the confession of our mouth. It is faith alone that brings us the gift of righteousness, but faith is not necessarily a static condition in the human heart. It waxes and wanes, and needs to be replenished (Mt 13:5, 6, 20, 21; 25:1-13; Ro 11:22, 23; 1Co 15:2, Heb 3:6, 14; 4:14; 6:11, 12). And it also must be combined with courage because confessing Christ will invariably bring some form of persecution (Mt 5:10-12; Ro 8:17). So for faith to actually save us in the day of God’s judgment (Ro 2:16; 14:10-12; 2Co 5:10; 2Ti 4:7) it must be bold enough to confess Christ publicly and strong enough to endure in that confession until we die.

Friday: Romans 10:11
v11: Paul repeats a quotation he used earlier (Ro 9:33), but this time adds the word “all” which expands the meaning of the verse from “he who believes…” to “everyone who believes….” Literally translated the verse now says, “For the scripture says: everyone believing on Him will not be put to shame.” The word “shame” reminds us of Jesus’ statement in Mark 8:38 (Lk 9:26) in which He says, “For whoever is ashamed of Me and My words… the Son of Man will also be ashamed of him when He comes in the glory of His father with the holy angels.” Paul wants us to see that God’s invitation to believe in His Son is freely extended to every person. No individual or group is excluded. And everyone who does place their trust in Him will surely escape the shame of standing before Him at the Judgment with the deeds and thoughts of their sinful life openly exposed (Jn 5:22, 23; Heb 4:13; Rev 20:11, 12).

Saturday: Romans 10:12
v12: So there will be no misunderstanding as to how widespread this invitation is, Paul says even a person’s background, whether Jew or Greek (Gentile), makes no difference. If Christ is confessed with the mouth and faith is present in the heart then God’s gift of righteousness is given. But along with the righteousness also comes a whole array of “riches.” Since Jesus is now confessed as Lord by both Jews and Gentiles the spiritual inheritance once reserved for believing Jews is now given to believing Gentiles as well. This is what Paul means when he says, “for the same Lord of all is rich to all the ones calling on Him” (literal).

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