Sunday: Romans 10:3
v3 (continued): When we read Pauls comments about peoples misguided attempts to establish their own righteousness we need to be careful not to come to the wrong conclusion. Paul is not saying Jews were wrong to try to obey Gods laws. After all, He had commanded them to try (Dt 30:15, 16). The problem to which Paul is pointing lay in the fact that many assumed it was only their outward behavior that mattered. If they kept those laws, then they were righteous, but the Law addresses inward attitudes as well, such as coveting, lusting and loving ones neighbor. And no one who is honest with themselves can fail to recognize they regularly fall short in these attitudes.
Monday: Romans 10:3
v3 (continued): For a person to convince themselves that they have successfully established their own righteousness must mean that they have focused on only their outward obedience to religious duties (Php 3:6) and ignored their failure to live up to the inward requirements place on them by the Law (Ro 7:7-12; Mt 7:1-5; Lk 18:10-14). As Paul said earlier, the heart must be circumcised, not just the body (Ro 2:26-29; Dt 10:16; 30:6; Jer 4:4; 9:25, 26). When the attitudinal demands of the Law are included, any honest introspection will force even the most zealous Law-keeper to acknowledge they have sinned.
Tuesday: Romans 10:3, 4
v3 (continued): This is how the Law leads us to Christ (Gal 3:19, 22-25). It shows us our desperate need for mercy and prepares us to humbly receive the gift of Gods righteousness. v4: Once a person understands what the Messiah Jesus has done, and chooses to put their faith in His death and resurrection, all striving to try to earn ones righteousness comes to an end. This doesnt mean that a Jew must stop trying to obey the Law, or that Gentiles should not try to obey the moral requirements of the Law. It means that neither Jew nor Gentile would ever think they had kept the Law well enough to earn eternal life, or for that matter to earn any of Gods blessings. The Law becomes a set of guidelines to parent us into holy lives rather than a ladder to heaven.
Wednesday: Romans 10:5
v5: Paul acknowledges that Moses did indeed say that if a person fully obeyed Gods Laws they would receive His blessings which, most importantly includes eternal life (Dt 30:15-20; Lev 18:1-5). This means Gods Law accurately expresses His holiness, so anyone who truly conforms to its outward and inward standards will be reckoned as righteous. But as Paul explained earlier (Ro 3:19, 20, 23) no one (except Jews) has ever been able to do this. The only way anyone has ever become righteous, including Abraham and even Moses himself, is by faith (Heb 11:1, 2, 6, 24-29).
Thursday: Romans 10:6, 7
vs6-7: In these verses Paul selects two memorable statements that Moses made about the Law, and applies them to the gospel. In effect what hes saying is, what Moses said about the Law being understandable and readily available, is equally true about Christ. Moses wrote Deuteronomy as an old man. The nation would soon enter the promised land without him, so in this final book he reminded them of their covenant laws and appealed to them to be faithful even after he was gone. In the particular verses Paul draws on from Deuteronomy 30:11-14, Moses said two things about the covenant. First, Israel was not being left with a Law full of mystical, hidden sayings that were too wonderful (Hebrew) for them to understand. To make his point he used a vivid image they would not forget. He said, It is not in heaven that you should say, Who will go up to heaven for us to get it for us and make us hear it, that we may observe it? God had descended from heaven and revealed His Law in clear, straightforward language. No one could claim ignorance or pretend not to know what the statements in His Law meant.
Friday: Romans 10:6, 7
vs6-7 (continued): Moses second statement taught a similar lesson using a different image. He said Nor is it beyond the sea that you should say, Who will cross the sea for us to get it for us and make us hear it, that we may observe it? In other words, God didnt reveal His law to some distant Gentile nation. Israel didnt have to travel to a foreign land or learn a new language. They were the ones to whom God had chosen to give His Law, and He had spoken to them in Hebrew. So Gods Law was both understandable and readily available. All that was left for them to do was obey (Dt 30:15-20).
Saturday: Romans 10:6, 7
vs6-7 (continued): Paul takes these two great statements and says that what was true of the Law, that it was understandable and available, was equally true of the gospel. No one had to go up to heaven to ask God to send the Messiah, he had already sent Him in the person of Jesus of Nazareth. In Him Gods plan of salvation had been made perfectly understandable. And no one needed to descend into the abyss (Paul freely substitutes these words for cross the sea in order to make the illustration better fit Christ) to bring the crucified Messiah back to life. The Messiah Jesus had already risen and come back to life and is constantly available to us through the person of the Holy Spirit. Like the Law, Christ had made the gospel understandable and available. All someone needed to do is repent and believe. Paul says its those with the faith that leads to righteousness that believe these truths.