Sunday: Romans 9:25, 26
vs25-26 (continued): To understand why Paul selected these verses from Hosea we must first understand the spiritual meaning contained in the words My people. It is a special title deeply associated with Israels covenant. It was first spoken to Moses while the nation was still in Egypt, Say, therefore, to the sons of Israel, I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptian, and I will deliver you from their bondage. I will also redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments. Then I will take you for My people, and I will be your God
(Ex 6:6, 7; 2Sa 7:24). The title is never used in the Old Testament to refer to anyone but Israel, and is applied to the Church in the New Testament (Heb 8:10; 1Pe 2:9, 10). It carries the sense of loving endearment between husband and wife (Hos 2:14-20).
Monday: Romans 9:25, 26
vs25-26 (continued): The covenant which established this relationship at Sinai (Ex 24:1-8) was a conditional covenant. There were clearly stated terms which Israel agreed to obey in order for the covenant to be valid and for them to remain His people (Dt 28:1, 2, 13-15). If they violated the covenant, particularly with respect to worshiping other gods, then the covenant was broken and they would become not My people. In Hosea 1:9 God tells the prophet to name his third child Lo-ammi (not My people) for He said, speaking of the ten northern tribes,
you are not My people and I am not your God. These words intentionally revised the promise made to Moses (Ex 6:7). The childs name warns Israel that their covenant with God no longer existed as far as He was concerned.
Tuesday: Romans 9:25, 26
vs25-26 (continued): Yet, Hosea also saw the day when the Messiah would restore the hearts of these idol-worshipping tribes back to God. He said,
and it will come about that in the place where it is said to them, you are not My people, it will be said to them, you are the sons of the living God
(Hos 1:10), and later,
I will say to those who were not My people, you are My people! And they will say, You are my God. (Hos 2:23). Both quotations refer to the same event but each brings a different emphasis. The first (Hos 2:23) emphasizes the love of a husband for a wife and the second (Hos 1:10) emphasizes the love of a father for a son. Paul wants us to recognize that the mercy foretold by Hosea had arrived in Jesus Christ and was now being given to all who believe the gospel, whether Jews or Gentiles. Those who God had called not My people were becoming My people by repentance and faith.
Wednesday: Romans 9:27
v27: A clear pattern had emerged by the time Paul wrote this letter to the Romans: only a small percentage of Jews were believing the gospel. Most had rejected the apostolic proclamation that the Messiah had to suffer, die and be raised from the dead, and had refused to believe that Jesus is the Messiah. Paul quotes from Isaiah to show us that the concept of the remnant was a familiar one in Israels history. God had often fulfilled His purpose for the nation by preserving only a small portion of the total population. Sometimes a remnant was spared because the people themselves were righteous. At other times an unrighteous remnant was spared so Gods promises would not die with the destruction of an entire population.
Thursday: Romans 9:27
v27 (continued): Though he lived in the southern kingdom of Judah, Isaiah prophesied that God would send Assyria to destroy the northern kingdom (Isa 9:8-10:4). This took place in 722 B.C. But no sooner had Isaiah written this warning than he added a promise in which God assured Judah that He would punish Assyria for its pride. When its armies arrived at the city of Jerusalem (Isa 10:5-34), He would rise up and defend the city allowing its population to escape. The northern kingdom and other cities of the southern kingdom would fall, but by protecting Jerusalem God would preserve a remnant. The event is recorded in Isaiah 36, 37.
Friday: Romans 9:27
v27 (continued): Pauls point is this: Yes, only a small percentage of Judaism is turning to Christ in this season, but these few believing Jews should be seen as a remnant. In them God is continuing to fulfill His promises to Abraham. Their small number does not mean the gospel has failed to do its work. In fact, it has powerfully exposed the presence or absence of faith in peoples hearts. It has revealed that though there are a large number of physical descendants of Abraham, (though the number of the sons of Israel be like the sand of the sea), yet only a small portion of these actually share his faith (it is the remnant that will be saved).
Saturday: Romans 9:28
v28: A remnant is a sign of Gods mercy, but it is also a sign of His judgment. Its existence means the majority rebelled to the degree that they brought Gods punishment upon themselves. This is why Paul doesnt quote only Isaiah 10:22, which promises a remnant, he also quotes Isaiah 10:23 which, in the Hebrew text, says God will bring upon Israel,
a decisive end overflowing with righteousness. For the Lord Yahweh of Hosts (Sabaoth: war, armies) shall make a full end as ordained, in the midst of the land (literal). This verse says God would bring a complete end to the spiritual unfaithfulness that had been taking place. He would preserve a remnant (Jerusalem) but everything else would fall.