Daily Bible Studies & Sermon Notes

Romans 5:4-15
Pastor Steve Schell
Sunday: Romans 5:4, 5
v4(continued): There is also something else that takes place in our hearts when we go through trials. Our grip on this world grows weaker and weaker while our longing for eternal life and seeing God face to face grows stronger and stronger. v5: Paul calls this our hope, and he says we can be absolutely confident that this hope will be fulfilled because the power of the Holy Spirit, which is a foretaste of eternity (Eph 1:13, 14; Heb 6:5), has already been given to us. Through the Spirit dwelling within us we feel God’s uncompromised love for us. We have already begun to experience what it means to have our sins totally forgiven and to live in His grace.

Monday: Romans 5:5
v5(continued): Obviously for Paul this indwelling presence of the Spirit was a demonstrable fact. We need only reflect on the reports of the manifest presence of God at work in his life and generally in the lives of the early church believers (Ac 9-19; 1Co 12-14; etc.) to understand why he was able to point to the Holy Spirit and say, “That’s proof!” Clearly the Spirit’s indwelling was more than a theology for him. It was an observable fact. How can believers know for certain that there’s a heaven awaiting us? Paul answers: “Because you already have the same love of God that fills heaven dwelling within you.”

Tuesday: Romans 5:6-8
vs6-8: To the indwelling presence of the Spirit Paul now adds another proof that our hope for eternal life won’t be disappointed. He says the most indisputable proof of all is the boundless love God showed when He sent His Son to save us. Even after we humans had proved that we were powerless to resist sin God still loved us. At a certain moment in history, which He knew to be precisely the right time (Ga 4:4; Eph 1:10; 1Ti 2:6; Titus 1:3), He sent His Son to the cross. Nothing in our human experience can explain this depth of love. Under very special circumstances someone might rescue a very good person by dying in their place, but never for a bad person. Yet God did, and this is the fact upon which Paul wants us to found our hope. God’s love is vastly deeper than human love and is the only explanation for the cross. God knew that through the cross many sinful humans would become righteous by faith and escape His wrath. What more could He do to prove how much He wants to forgive us?

Wednesday: Romans 5:9-11
vs9, 10: If God loved us so much while we were His enemies that He was willing to sacrifice His Son how much more will He do for us now that we have become His friends? If Jesus’ death restored our friendship with Him how much more will the high-priestly intercession of our Living Lord rescue us from His wrath (Ro 8:34; Heb 7:25; 1Jn 2:1)? v11: From God’s perspective the great reconciling work of Jesus Christ is already a completed fact, not a future event. Therefore, believers who are joined by faith to Christ no longer need to fear the coming wrath, but can joyfully boast in our salvation.

Thursday: Romans 5:12-21 (introduction)
What Paul has just said (5:1-11) raises an obvious question: how is it possible for the death and resurrection of one Man, even God’s incarnate Son, to reverse the judgment against so many? Paul answers this by pointing to Adam. Just as that man’s one sin infected the entire human race and brought death to all, so it is also possible for Christ’s one righteous act (v18) to impart righteousness to all who become His spiritual descendants by faith. We learn from this passage (5:12-21) that there is such a thing as spiritual descendants, not just physical ones. Adam passed on a rebellious spirit, Christ passed on His own righteousness.

Friday: Romans 5:12-14
v12: Adam’s deliberate disobedience resulted in all his descendants being infected with a compulsive, rebellious nature, and this nature in turn has caused all humans to sin. And sin separates us from God, and since God is the Source of all life, being separated from Him automatically results in physical death. vs13-14: Before God revealed what is right and wrong in the Law of Moses, humans still did things that were wrong, even though they didn’t necessarily know it at the time. Yet being ignorant of God’s righteous standards doesn’t mean that what we’ve done isn’t wrong. It just means we didn’t do it defiantly, unlike Adam when he deliberately ate the fruit God had forbidden him to eat in the Garden of Eden. Whether done in ignorance or defiance all sin brings death.

Saturday: Romans 5:14, 15
v14 (continued): The final proof that all humans have sinned is death itself. If anyone had not sinned they would not die, but all do die, even those who lived during the time between Adam and Moses when there was no written Law. So sin separates us from God whether we know what we are doing is wrong or not. The spiritual nature we’ve inherited from Adam has doomed us all to death. v14 (continued): Then Paul makes a comparison that surprises us. He says Adam was, in a certain way, similar to the Messiah Jesus who would be born thousands of years later. In fact, he says Adam was a prophetic “type” of Jesus. v15: He goes on to explain that both men did something that transformed the spiritual relationship their descendants would have with God. Adam, by committing one sin, in effect alienated all his descendants from God. But Jesus, the Messiah, the Son of God who fully became a man, by giving the gift of His life on the cross restored the relationship of all His “descendants” to God. By Jesus’ one act God’s abundant grace has now been poured out on the “many” who have, and will in the future, believe in Him.

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