Daily Bible Studies & Sermon Notes

Hebrews 10:29-31
Pastor Steve Schell
Sunday: Hebrews 10:28
Verse 28: The Law of Moses did not require that every violation of its code be punished by death. Many were forgiven after an appropriate sacrifice had been made. But it did require that any man or woman who worshipped false gods be executed by stoning, if after an investigation the charges proved true (Dt 17:2-7). Loyalty to God was the highest commandment of all (Ex 20:3-6) and anyone who deliberately broke this commandment was shown no mercy (Dt 13:6-11). Their betrayal was highly offensive to God and put the entire nation at risk of being cursed (Dt 28:15ff)

Monday: Hebrews 10:29
Verse 29: If spiritual disloyalty brought death under the old covenant, then what punishment would a person deserve who had experienced the benefits of the new covenant but then renounced their Savior? Surely they deserved a far more severe judgment: not only physical death, but spiritual death. The miraculous changes inside them had been so real they could never claim to be confused. So they would someday stand before the Lord they had rejected without excuse (6:4; 10:22, 32). Verse 29 (continued): The violent language the author uses in this verse leaves us no doubt he is describing the horrible inner choices made by a believer who has decided to reject Christ. He would not use such severe language if he were merely speaking to weak people who were struggling with doubts or those who had not learned how to free themselves from an addiction. To these he might issue a rebuke similar to those found in chapter 13. But to those moving toward the sin of apostasy (deliberately abandoning Christ) he gives a warning using images so graphic they make us cringe to read them.

Tuesday: Hebrews 10:29
Verse 29 (continued): In the first part he says they “trampled under foot the Son of God…” using the same word which describes pigs trampling pearls under foot (Mt 7:6) or men trampling tasteless salt underfoot (Mt 5:13). By choosing to identify Jesus as the “Son of God” the author seems to be particularly focusing on their denial of His divinity (He 1:1-14). Surely this must have been the most contentious subject of all between the Jewish believers to whom he was writing and their non-believing family and friends. To these he says if they diminish Jesus to the level of an angel or a human prophet, in effect, they will be putting their feet on top of the One who is “the radiance of the Father’s glory and the exact representation of His nature” and who “upholds all things by the word of His power” (He 1:3). David had prophesied that at the end of the age God would put the Messiah’s enemies under His feet (He 1:13; Psa 110:1), but some of those who received this letter were considering putting Jesus under their feet.

Wednesday: Hebrews 10:29
Verse 29 (continued): The second graphic image the author uses describes a person who abandons Jesus as regarding “as unclean (lit: common) the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified.” This means they have come to think of His blood as having no more spiritual power than the blood of a common man. For them, His death on the cross did not atone “once for all” for the sins of the world. Either they would be saying Jesus blasphemed by claiming to be God, so he deserved to be crucified as a criminal, or they would be saying Jesus was merely a teacher who had been misunderstood and ended up tragically martyred for His faith. In either case, the nature of Jesus would be diminished until His divinity had been eliminated and His death been as powerless to forgive human sin. Though it’s not mentioned here, we could safely assume that anyone who embraced this position would also deny His resurrection.

Thursday: Hebrews 10:29
Verse 29 (continued): The final graphic image the author applies to someone who abandons Christ is to say that such a person has “insulted the Spirit of grace.” The Greek word translated as “insulted” is an intensified form of a word which is used elsewhere to describe the mistreatment victims suffer at the hands of persecutors (Mt 22:6; Lk 18:32; Ac 14:5; 1Th 2:2 (Ac 16:20-24)). In this application, the one being abused is the Holy Spirit who has been harshly silenced though He faithfully ministered God’s grace to that person. In committing this sin people choose to violate their conscience. They close their spiritual eyes so they won’t see the truth they don’t want to see, and their spiritual ears so they won’t hear things they don’t want to hear (Mt 13:14,15; Isa 6:10). In this case the offenders are so set on leaving God’s grace and returning to the works of the Law of Moses they are willing to brutally silence the inner witness of the Holy Spirit concerning Christ.

Friday: Hebrews 10:30
Verse 30: Having asked the question “How much severer punishment do you think he will deserve?” (v 29) the author now answers his own question. He says the warnings God gave Israel about forsaking Him such as those found in Deuteronomy 32:35 and 36 apply even more strongly to those who forsake His Son. The willful abandonment of Jesus deeply offends Him and He will show no mercy to the one who does this. Interestingly, when the author quotes “vengeance is mine, I will repay” he is apparently quoting from a version of Deuteronomy 32:35 we no longer have. This statement, as he words it is not found anywhere else in the Bible except Romans 12:19 where Paul quotes exactly the same words. So both men must have known of a version or passage we no longer have. At any rate, the wording of Deuteronomy 32:35 as found in the Septuagint (Greek version of the Old Testament), “In the day of vengeance I will repay” is so similar the variation is meaningless in terms of the substance that’s being taught.

Saturday: Hebrews 10:31
Verse 31: Like defeated soldiers who fall helplessly into the hands of their captors, people who have known Christ and then forsaken Him will fall into His hands on the day of judgment with no hope that they will receive mercy. Since they rejected the “high priest” He sent them, they had no atonement to soften the just punishment they deserved for their sins. And anyone who honestly contemplates the thought of spending eternity apart from God would have to agree the thought is “terrifying.”

Return to Daily Bible Studies