Daily Bible Studies & Sermon Notes


Hebrews 2:9-12
Pastor Steve Schell
Sunday: Hebrews 2:9
Verse 9: Though rebellion against the lordship of Jesus Christ exists all around us, by faith believers see Him “crowned with glory and honor” at the Father’s right hand. And this exalted position has been given to Him because He voluntarily became a man, suffered and died according to the Father’s will. In order to do this He had to set aside His powers of divinity (Php 2:6, 7) and be exposed to weakness and temptations angels never had to endure. His “suffering of death” was the horrible process of crucifixion and as He died He “tasted” death for everyone by bearing the moral guilt of the entire human race (Heb 7:27). He has done what no angel has ever done and as a result He is honored as no angel will ever be honored.

Monday: Hebrews 2:9
Verse 9 (continued): Before we move on from this verse we should note the use of the word “taste” as an unusual word to apply to death. By stating that Jesus “tasted death for everyone” the author of Hebrews pictures Jesus drinking that “cup” of suffering which the Father set before Him in the Garden of Gethsemane (Mt 26:39; also: Mt 20:22, 23). The selection of the word “taste” is not meant to imply that Jesus didn’t really die or that He barely died, but that He drank for each one of us the most bitter part of death. His death did not release us from the experience of biological life leaving our physical bodies. Believers still die physically. But He took upon Himself the really terrible part of death which is separation from God. In dealing with this same issue Paul uses a different analogy. Instead of saying Jesus tasted death, he says Jesus removed the “sting of death.” He goes on to explain that the sting of death is sin, which through God’s law has the power to condemn us and thereby prevent us from entering into God’s eternal kingdom (1Co 15:50-57).

Tuesday: Hebrews 2:9-10
Verse 9 (continued): When Jesus promised His disciples that “If anyone keeps My word, he will never taste of death” (Jn 8:52), He was saying that those who kept His word will never experience the truly terrible part of death which is spiritual separation from God. Though believers still die physically they will never, even for a moment, be separated from God because Jesus drank this bitter cup for us. Verse 10: Psalm 8 describes God’s original plan for humanity, but this plan was quickly ruined by sin. Yet God is the One “for whom are all things” meaning all things exist for His pleasure. So it is only right (“fitting”) that His original will be reinstated which is that many people (“sons”) join Him in the glories of eternal life.

Wednesday: Hebrews 2:10
Verse 10 (continued): For God’s will to save humans to be realized it was necessary for Him to subject His Son to weakness, temptation and suffering. In His pre-incarnate state the Son was, of course, perfect and complete as God, yet in order to serve as the “author of salvation” for sinful humans He had to undergo a process of transformation until He was “perfected” for that role. The first step in this process was for Him to leave the privileges of divinity in order to become a man (Php 2:6), and it’s important to note that this was a permanent step. Though He was resurrected following His death He is now, and will remain forever, a man (who is at the same time God). He had to become one of us to save us, and once He did so, He too was subject to our sufferings and temptations. Only by becoming one of us could He die for us and only by experiencing our temptation could he help us overcome them (Heb 2:18; 4:15).

Thursday: Hebrews 2:11
Verse 11: The process of transforming Jesus into a “high priest” (v 17) suitable to meet our needs required that He lower Himself to become a human. Yet Jesus was not ashamed to do this because, though corrupted by sin, we are created in God’s image (Ge 1:26, 27) and are greatly loved by Him (Jn 3:16). In a certain sense both we and Christ have in common the same source of existence: God the Father. Jesus was begotten by Him before “the beginning” (Jn 1:1) and shares His divine nature. We humans, on the other hand, begin our existence when we are begotten by our parents, yet all of us are ultimately offspring of a common set of parents whom God made in the Garden of Eden. So we, too, are from the same source as He, though we are not divine.

Friday: Hebrews 2:11
Verse 11 (continued): The fact that Jesus is not ashamed to call us “brethren” also looks forward in time, not just backward to our common source in God. Those who join themselves to Christ’s death by faith, will also be joined to Him in His resurrection. Someday all believers will be resurrected to become a part of a great imperishable family over which He will serve as our eldest brother. When He was resurrected, Jesus became the “first fruits” of a whole new race of humans who will have glorified bodies like His. So, in an even deeper sense than common origin, believers are Christ’s “brethren.” Though we never become divine, we will become like Him to a remarkable degree.

Saturday: Hebrews 2:12
Verse 12: To prove from Scripture that the Son of God was “not ashamed” to become a human, or said another way, that it is not a shameful concept to believe that God’s divine Son would actually lower Himself to become a human, the author of Hebrews quotes from Old Testament passages in which the Messiah openly identifies with God’s people speaking of Himself as one of them. He first quotes from Psalm 22 which is a psalm Jesus Himself quoted from the cross (Mt 27:46, 47; Mk 15:34-36). The psalm opens with a description of the crucifixion scene in miraculous detail (Ps 22:1-18); next it turns to a prayer for deliverance from death (Ps 22:19-21); and then beginning at verse 22, which is the one quoted here in Hebrews (v 12), it declares with confident faith that because God will surely answer this request for deliverance, that one day the speaker will be praising God in the midst of a worshipping assembly of his “brethren” (Ps 22:22-26). The psalm concludes by prophesying that God’s kingdom will someday extend over the entire earth (Ps 22:27-31). Though David wrote the psalm it clearly contains a prophetic dimension that goes far beyond him. The author of Hebrews and the early church were certain this psalm spoke of Christ (F.F. Bruce, Hebrews, Eerdmans, 1964, p 45). They heard in these words the resurrected Messiah unashamedly speaking of human believers as His “brethren.”
 


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