Daily Bible Studies & Sermon Notes

Hebrews 1:2, 3
Pastor Steve Schell
Sunday: Hebrews 1:2
Verse 2 (continued): The fact that Jesus is fully divine and fully human is why the author of Hebrews is able to say the amazing things about Him that He does—things which cannot possibly be said about a mere human being. First of all we’re told that Jesus will inherit “all things,” meaning that the Father has destined Him to rule over all the created order, including both the physical and spiritual realms. Everything and everyone, except the Father Himself (1Co 15:27, 28) will someday submit to the Son (Eph 1:20-22). This will take place not only because Jesus is God’s Son, but it is a reward given Him by the Father for His selfless humiliation in dying for the sins of the world. He willing left His glorious position in heaven to become a man and then as a man He submitted fully to the Father’s will (Php 2:5-11; Mt 26:39, 42) which led Him to die violently on a cross. Because of this the Father has ordained that His Son’s name should be greater than every other name and someday the angels in heaven, all humanity and even the demons of the underworld will bow in submission before Him.

Monday: Hebrews 1:2
Verse 2 (continued): In His Revelation John sees a vision of Jesus in this exalted position. The worship of the new heaven and earth is directed to “…the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb…” (Rev 21:22). Such exaltation of the Son by the Father was also prophesied centuries earlier in such passages as Psalm 2, 110; 2 Samuel 7:12-16; Isaiah 9:6, 7; Daniel 7:13, 14, 27. Verse 2 (continued): The last statement in this verse is breathtaking, “…through whom also He made the world (lit: ages).” If there were any doubt as to the pre-existence or divinity of Jesus Christ these words bring those doubts to an end. Not only is He destined to inherit all things, but in fact He was their creator in the first place. As the creator of “the ages” Jesus would be responsible not only for the physical universe and spiritual realms, but for the seasons of time in which they exist.

Tuesday: Hebrews 1:2
Verse 2 (continued): Apparently, the act of creation was performed as a partnership among the persons of God. As I piece it together in my mind: the Father initiated creation, the Son spoke the commands (which is one reason why He is called “the Word”), and the Holy Spirit performed the works of power (1Co 8:6; Ge 1:1-3). Jesus’ role in creation is further confirmed by Paul (Col 1:16, 17) and John (Jn 1:2, 3). In summary, verse two (He 1:2) affirms that Jesus is literally God’s Son; that because of His obedient sacrifice the Father has appointed Him to govern this present universe and the next; and that Jesus actually participated in creation.

Wednesday: Hebrews 1:3
Verse 3: In the first two statements of verse three we learn that when we look at Jesus we are seeing someone who is exactly like the Father in terms of beauty, holiness, moral character and will. In Him we see God being God in human flesh. To begin with we are told, “…He is the radiance of His (the Father’s) glory and the exact representation of His nature….” Though we cannot now see the Father because He is spirit, we can see His glory in Jesus who became flesh. Only momentarily did Jesus shine with divine light during the days of His earthly ministry (Mt 17:2), yet to see Him in His humanity was to see the holiness of God from which such light emanates. This is surely what Jesus was trying to explain to Philip when He said, “Have I been so long with you, and yet you have not come to know Me, Philip? He who has seen Me has seen the Father…” (Jn 14:9). He accurately reflected on earth the heart and personality of God. In Him the “image and likeness” of God (Ge 1:26) is fully and perfectly formed.

Thursday: Hebrews 1:3
Verse 3 (continued): Being joined to human flesh did not diminish Jesus’ role as the eternal Son of God, instead it actually increased it. The next statement of this verse is an example of His exalted position. It says He “upholds all things by the word of His power.” This means the universe continues to exist because He has commanded it and will be destroyed when He commands it. The decision of when that takes place is up to the Father (Mt 24:35, 36) but the command itself will be spoken by the Son (Jn 5:25-27; Rev 19:15; 20:11). In Colossians 1:17 Paul reveals another way by which Jesus “upholds all things….” In that passage he says, “…in Him all things hold (lit: stand) together”. In other words, it is by Jesus’ authority and command that the very atoms of the physical universe hold together.

Friday: Hebrews 1:3
Verse 3 (continued): After reading the list of divine attributes already given to Jesus in verses two and three it’s hard to imagine any statement which could be added that would make a stronger claim for Jesus’ divinity. Which is why the next statement is so amazing: “When He made purification (lit: cleansing) of sins....” Though possessing all the powers of divinity God’s Son became a man and died to cleanse humans from the guilt of their sins. To have such power and yet refuse to use it to defend Himself while the horrors of the cross progressed is almost incomprehensible. It reveals the depth of love Jesus has for His Father and us, and it also reveals the depth of love the Father has toward the world because it was His love that sent His Son on such a mission. The word “purification” which is used here is a term associated with Israel’s priestly system. It pictures Christ as a high priest who cleansed our sins by offering His own life as a sacrifice (Heb 9:11-14).

Saturday: Hebrews 1:3
Verse 3 (continued): To sit down “at the right hand of the majesty (lit: greatness) on high (lit: in high places)” is a direct reference to Psalm 110 in which David describes the moment when the Father invites one of David’s descendants to sit beside Him in the place of honor until all his enemies have been brought into submission (Ps 110:1). The most surprising element in this statement is that David calls his own offspring “lord” which in that culture would never happen. So in reading the Psalm we are forced to recognize that he must be prophesying that this descendant of man will also be divine (Mt 22:41-46) and therefore David’s “lord.” Furthermore, the author of Hebrews puts this exaltation in the past tense (“sat down”) meaning Jesus is already seated there. In effect that position was given to Him as soon as He rose from the dead (Mt 28:18). He “sits” because His work of atonement is complete, nothing more need be done (Heb 10:11-14). However, the fact that He is seated should not lead us to think that He is passively inactive during this season of battle to put all things under His feet. In 1 Corinthians 15:24, 25 Paul says it will be victorious Jesus who “hands over the kingdom to the God and Father, when He (Jesus) has abolished all rule and all authority and power. For He must reign until He has put all His enemies under His feet.” As head of the church He is constantly directing the activities of His people (Jn 20:21; Mt 16:18; Eph 1:22, 23) and interceding before the Father on our behalf (Heb 7:25; 1Jn 2:1). 

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